Economics Roundtable

May 2014 Payroll Employment

After 76 months, we finally got back to the prerecession level of payroll employment.

Click on the image to get a bigger version.


Jobs

The best summary of the state of our economy is the graph (below) of employment as a fraction of population for people over 16 years old. The decrease is large, but the most troubling feature of the graph is the flat trend .


Click on the image to get a bigger version.


Graph-of-the-Year Candidates

Donald Marron likes European interest rates. Click on the image to get a bigger version. Can you find three distinct subperiods?

Brad DeLong favors the U.S. gdp gap.


Remember M1?

Money Supply M1 growth is now over 20% per year over a 12 month lag. M1 growth has touched 20% before, but not with excess reserves of $1.6 trillion. Where is M1 headed?


Click on the chart for a larger version.


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December 19, 2014, 3:03 am, 1391883

December 19, 2014, 3:03 am, 1391882

The Russian economy is in trouble:

Putin’s Bubble Bursts, by Paul Krugman, Commentary, NY Times: If you’re the type who finds macho posturing impressive, Vladimir Putin is your kind of guy. Sure enough, many American conservatives seem to have an embarrassing crush on the swaggering strongman. “That is what ...


December 19, 2014, 2:05 am, 1391881

I now regularly find that when I buy something from a cashier — especially small ticket items — that I have the option of tipping the salesperson.  There will be a cup for tips, or the space to write a tip into the credit card transaction.  If I buy a ...


December 19, 2014, 1:33 am, 1391880

Pictured above are some color TVs from the 627-page 1964 Sears Christmas Catalog, available here at the WishbookWeb website along with many other Christmas catalogs from 1933 to 1988. The original prices are listed ($750 for the Sears color TV console and $800 for the more expensive one), and those ...


December 19, 2014, 12:04 am, 1391852

Pictured above are some color TVs from the 627-page 1964 Sears Christmas Catalog, available here at the WishbookWeb website along with many other Christmas catalogs from 1933 to 1988. The original prices are listed ($750 for the Sears color TV console and $800 ...


December 18, 2014, 9:33 pm, 1391841
Theory #1: Break-Even Rates Provide "Deflation Warning"

Bloomberg is sounding a Deflation Warning as 2-Year Break-Even Rates Go Negative.

Break-even rates are the difference between treasuries and the same-duration Treasury Inflation-Protected Securities (TIPS). The break-even rate turned negative yesterday for the first time since 2009.


December 18, 2014, 9:03 pm, 1391819
Friday:
• At 10:00 AM ET, Regional and State Employment and Unemployment (Monthly) for November 2014

• At 11:00 AM, the Kansas City Fed manufacturing survey for December.

From Freddie Mac: Mortgage Rates Find New Lows for 2014

Freddie Mac today released the results of its ...


December 18, 2014, 8:44 pm, 1391818

Growth and inequality are back at the centre of the economic debate. This column presents a framework for interpreting Thomas Piketty’s data based on Paul Romer’s model of endogenous growth. Two balanced growth regimes are possible in this framework: one (‘merit’) with a low capital–output ratio, a high interest rate, ...


December 18, 2014, 8:44 pm, 1391817
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December 18, 2014, 8:04 pm, 1391815

Many left-liberals have a real thing about the social democracies of Scandinavia. As University of Arizona sociologist Lane Kenworthy has put it, “Over the course of the next half century, the array of social programs offered by the federal government of the United ...


December 18, 2014, 7:33 pm, 1391814
Today's Torsten Slok chart. In yesterday's chart, we saw that the market forward curve keeps forecasting a recovery that never comes. Here, we see the same pattern, over much longer time period, ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 pm, 1391775

The Washington Post has denounced the inclusion of bonus depreciation in the just-passed tax extenders bill for 2014. The correct term is “partial expensing.” There is nothing “bonus” about it. The partial expensing allows businesses to deduct immediately (expense) half the cost of their equipment spending in ...


December 18, 2014, 6:44 pm, 1391774
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December 18, 2014, 6:04 pm, 1391770

Yesterday, President Obama announced a decision to reestablish diplomatic relations with Cuba. Discussions to reopen the relationship will begin immediately and will include efforts to reestablish an embassy in Havana. The president’s announcement makes particularly relevant a book by AEI emeritus scholar and Latin American expert Mark Falcoff.

In “


December 18, 2014, 6:04 pm, 1391769

Negative interest rates keep happening although economists generally assured us they couldn’t. They will soon apply to large deposits with the central bank of Switzerland, as today (December 18), the Swiss National Bank (SNB) joined the European Central Bank in the negative interest rate club.

The SNB announced that starting January ...


December 18, 2014, 5:03 pm, 1391706
Here is a price index for commercial real estate that I follow.

From CoStar: Commercial Real Estate Prices Post Steady Gains In October

CRE PRICES ROSE STEADILY IN OCTOBER, SUPPORTED BY BROAD BASE OF POSITIVE TRENDS. Most major property types continued to benefit from minimal speculative ...


December 18, 2014, 4:34 pm, 1391705

In a few weeks, veteran Utah Republican Orrin Hatch will become chair of the Senate Finance Committee. Soon after, the panel may begin tackling tax reform. While there is good reason to be skeptical about how far a tax code rewrite will get in the next Congress, it is worth keeping ...


December 18, 2014, 4:34 pm, 1391704

Everybody loves the idea of tax reform. And tax reform can be very good policy.

But advocates often turn to magical thinking about how good tax reform can be, and a recent column by George Will offers two examples of this problem.

First, Will writes that “if America’s long-term economic growth ...


December 18, 2014, 4:05 pm, 1391702

On the topic of pallets, Jacob Hodes writes:

There are approximately two billion wooden shipping pallets in the United States. They are in the holds of tractor-trailers, transporting Honey Nut Cheerios and oysters and penicillin and just about any other product you can think of: sweaters, copper wire, lab mice, and ...


December 18, 2014, 4:05 pm, 1391701

The words of Gillian Tett are worth a ponder:

…corporate leverage in regions such as Asia is considerably higher today, relative to gross domestic product, than it was before the 1998 Asian financial crisis, as Frank Neumann of HSBC notes. What is even more alarming is that these numbers might understate ...


December 18, 2014, 4:04 pm, 1391700

What if Golden Age Hollywood were like today’s Tinsel Town?

Charlie Chaplin would never have made The Great Dictator. Hitler’s threats would have led to it being pulled from circulation; one of the greatest anti-Nazi propaganda pieces would never have seen the light of day just before we went to war.

Sony ...


December 18, 2014, 3:33 pm, 1391696
Here's and amusing but totally unscientific informal poll on how to tackle the illegal immigrant problem.

Students were asked if they would sign a petition to deport US citizens on a one-for-one basis in exchange for allowing illegal immigrants to stay in the US.


December 18, 2014, 3:03 pm, 1391634

Technically speaking, Vermont’s gubernatorial election isn’t finished yet, but universal health care is. A long-awaited blueprint for the state’s planned transition to single-payer, just released, has been termed “detrimental to Vermonters”—not by the opposition, but by the Governor who made single-payer health care his signature issue.

Because no candidate received ...


December 18, 2014, 3:03 pm, 1391633
Texas has seen strong growth in recent years, outpacing the U.S. recovery in part thanks to a boom in domestic oil production. Now a drop in oil prices risks ...


December 18, 2014, 3:03 pm, 1391632

Barry Ritholtz has a fine rant:

Those of you who continue to insist you can even remotely forecast what might happen next continue to reveal incredibly foolish, thoroughly disproved beliefs, despite ...


December 18, 2014, 3:03 pm, 1391631

Noah Smith:

Maybe There's No Such Thing as a Business Cycle: ...The word “cycle” conjures up images of waves and seasons, but the business cycle isn’t a regular cycle like that (if it were, it would be easy to predict the next recession). Economists actually think that recessions and ...


December 18, 2014, 3:03 pm, 1391630

Via Real Time Economics at the WSJ:

No Sign Yet of Labor Cost Inflation in U.S. or U.K., by Paul Hannon: Despite falling unemployment rates, there are few signs that rising wages will soon start to push inflation higher in either the U.S. or the U.K., where central banks ...


December 18, 2014, 3:03 pm, 1391629
Note: West coast ports were impacted by a trucker strike in November, and ongoing labor negotiations (and some slowdown). The trucker strike ended after 9 days on November 22nd.

Container traffic gives us an idea about the volume of goods being exported and imported - and possibly ...


December 18, 2014, 2:44 pm, 1391627
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December 18, 2014, 2:44 pm, 1391628
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December 18, 2014, 2:34 pm, 1391626

In a few weeks, veteran Utah Republican Orrin Hatch will become chair of the Senate Finance Committee. Soon after, the panel may begin tackling tax reform. While there is good reason to be skeptical about how far a tax code rewrite will get in the next Congress, it is worth keeping ...


December 18, 2014, 2:34 pm, 1391625

Everybody loves the idea of tax reform. And tax reform can be very good policy.

But advocates often turn to magical thinking about how good tax reform can be, and a recent column by George Will offers two examples of this problem.

First, Will writes that “if America’s long-term economic growth ...


December 18, 2014, 2:05 pm, 1391618

December 18, 2014, 2:04 pm, 1391617
(December 18, 2014 03:16 PM, by David Henderson) When the U.S. minimum wage law was put into effect in 1938, northeastern labor unions gained from it by pricing out their competition. Unions in the textile industry were seeing textile firms move from New England states to southern lower-wage... (0 COMMENTS)


December 18, 2014, 2:04 pm, 1391616
After watching the new video with Adair Turner from a talk he gave at the Bristol Festival of Economics in November 2014, it is clear he understands the economic situation better than Paul Krugman. While Krugman tries to understand if inequality even leads to more financial instability (link), Turner knows ...


December 18, 2014, 2:04 pm, 1391615

It is Christmas time once again and in my part of the world, southwestern Montana, the snow has arrived and will be with us until early March.  Most nights the temperature will fall well below 20 degrees Fahrenheit; some days the thermometer won’t rise above zero.

That’s winter time in the ...


December 18, 2014, 2:04 pm, 1391614

The energy sector gives, and the energy sector takes. The stunning drop in oil prices looks like bad news for the “Texas Miracle.” (Texas is responsible for 40% of all US oil production — vs. 25% five years ago — and all ...


December 18, 2014, 1:24 pm, 1391610

“This collection brings together distinguished scholars who have been influenced by Jan Kregel‘s prodigious contributions to the fields of economic theory and policy. The chapters cover and extend many topics analyzed in Kregel’s published work, including monetary economic theory and ...


December 18, 2014, 1:03 pm, 1391547
Delta Air Lines Inc. told investors last week that it expects pretax income to jump 11% next year. Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

Are you hoping falling oil prices ...


December 18, 2014, 1:03 pm, 1391546
Atlantic County, N.J., recorded the largest decline in employment through the first half of the year, largely due to job cuts at casinos. Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

Employment ...


December 18, 2014, 1:03 pm, 1391545

Arnold Packer and Jeff Madrick respond to Alan Blinder in the NYRB, and he replies:

‘What’s the Matter with Economics?’: An Exchange: In response to: What’s the Matter with Economics? from the December 18, 2014 issue ...

To the Editors:

Alan Blinder is one of the finest mainstream ...


December 18, 2014, 12:44 pm, 1391544
Wage stagnation is a growing topic in the national political discussion, but the problem is not spread evenly – as we noted recently. And when one looks closely at a map of changes in pay over the past decade, there are some noteworthy trends in the county data beyond big ...


December 18, 2014, 12:44 pm, 1391543
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December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391541

December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391540
Thought people would find this of interest. This is not updated from September being the last observation. In 1999 when this bottomed West Texas Intermediate was under $12/bbl and gasoline was under $1/ gal.


December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391537

The Federal Communications Commission is actively considering turning the internet access industry into a public utility by classifying it as a “Title II” service under the Communications Act of 1934. Proponents of the idea, including President Obama, argue that doing so is necessary to protect “the open Internet” and all ...


December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391539

Following the downward trajectory of the price of oil, the Russian ruble continues to plummet. And amidst this currency free-fall, it is the political ramifications of the country’s skyrocketing food prices, caused by heavy dependence on food imports that are most troubling. An increase in the price of food that ...


December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391536

Judging by the pace at which Greece’s politics is unraveling, European policymakers could soon be faced with a fundamental policy choice. Do they again make Herculean efforts to keep Greece within the euro? Or do they allow Greece to be cut loose from the euro? How European policymakers decide to ...


December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391538

The Supreme Court’s decision to hear arguments in King v. Burwell next year poses an enormous danger to ObamaCare, but it also presents an urgent challenge to the law’s opponents. The outcome might result in many thousands of residents in more than half the states being unable to afford health insurance. The ...


December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391535

‘Schadenfreude” is probably the most accurate term to reflect how most Americans feel when watching MIT economist Jonathan Gruber grovel before Congress, tortuously trying to explain away his many comments denigrating the American voter. It also applies to the much smaller group paying attention ...


December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391533

President Barack Obama has nominated former Deputy Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter to replace Chuck Hagel as secretary of defense. Carter is a sensible pick and is expected to be swiftly confirmed by the Senate. Once in office, he will face a mounting list of challenges with only a narrow ...


December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391532

Did the government sell out to Wall Street by repealing a provision of the Dodd-Frank Act in order to pass a spending bill? “A vote for this bill is a vote for future taxpayer bailouts of Wall Street,” Sen. Elizabeth Warren warned in a passionate speech on the Senate floor. ...


December 18, 2014, 12:04 pm, 1391534

All income tax systems, including our own, impose a penalty on saving. A worker who consumes today pays tax on her wages; a worker who saves to consume in the future pays the same tax on her wages plus a second tax on the return earned on her savings, resulting ...


December 18, 2014, 11:33 am, 1391531

Russian consumers flocked to the stores Wednesday, frantically buying a range of big-ticket items to pre-empt the price rises kicked off by the staggering fall in the value of the ruble in recent days.

As the Russian authorities announced a series of measures to ease the pressure on the ...


December 18, 2014, 11:03 am, 1391470
Fed Chairwoman Janet Yellen, asked Wednesday what “patient” meant, said the Fed would not begin hiking rates for “a couple” of meetings. Pressed further, she confirmed “a couple” means two.


December 18, 2014, 11:03 am, 1391469

Today we are fortunate to have a guest contribution written by Jeffrey Frankel, Harpel Professor of Capital Formation and Growth at Harvard University, and former Member of the Council of Economic Advisers, 1997-99.

Oil prices plummeted 43% during the course of 2014 – good news for oil-importing ...


December 18, 2014, 11:03 am, 1391468
From the Philly Fed:December Manufacturing Survey

The survey’s broadest measure of manufacturing conditions, the diffusion index of current activity, decreased 16 points, from a reading of 40.8 in November to 24.5 this month ... The new orders [to 19.7] and current shipments indexes also weakened significantly.
... ...


December 18, 2014, 10:44 am, 1391467
Wage stagnation is a growing topic in the national political discussion, but the problem is not spread evenly – as we noted recently. And when one looks closely at a map of changes in pay over the past decade, there are some noteworthy trends in the county data beyond big ...


December 18, 2014, 10:44 am, 1391465
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December 18, 2014, 10:44 am, 1391464
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December 18, 2014, 10:44 am, 1391466
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December 18, 2014, 10:44 am, 1391463
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December 18, 2014, 10:44 am, 1391462
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December 18, 2014, 10:44 am, 1391461
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December 18, 2014, 10:04 am, 1391459

In an interview with Financial Times this week, Iraqi foreign minister Ibrahim Jafari revealed China has offered to provide support for Iraqi airstrikes against ISIS. It’s unclear whether Beijing plans to follow through on this proposition, but potential Chinese-Iraqi cooperation could include weapons ...


December 18, 2014, 10:04 am, 1391458

Following a visit to Jordan last month, Rep. Rob Wittman (R-VA) argued the campaign against the Islamic State (ISIS) “needs an Arab face.” Saudi Foreign Minister Saud Al-Faisal agreed, declaring success “requires the presence of combat ...


December 18, 2014, 10:04 am, 1391457

The “Cromnibus” that was enacted last week has received its share of brickbats, mostly over the Citigroup-written and Rep. Kevin Yoder-instigated provision giving banks taxpayer protection for derivatives trading. Also for the campaign-finance provision blowing up most of what was left of campaign contribution limits, pushed by Mitch McConnell but ...


December 18, 2014, 9:33 am, 1391454

As Colbert transitions the NC Sea Level Rise panel continues its work:

The N.C. Coastal Resources Commission’s science panel made a few final adjustments Monday to the draft five-year update to its sea level rise report before agreeing it was ready for peer review.

The draft ...


December 18, 2014, 9:03 am, 1391393
In both the U.K and U.S., policy makers expect tightening labor markets to result in a pickup in wages that will translate into higher consumer prices.


December 18, 2014, 9:03 am, 1391391

The Wall Street Journal’s Daily Report on Global Central Banks for Thursday, December 18, 2014:

Sign up for the newsletter: http://on.wsj.com/grandcentralsignup


Highlights

Hilsenrath’s Take: Yellen Playbook Puts Slack Over Oil Price Declines Fed Sets Stage for Rate ...


December 18, 2014, 9:03 am, 1391392
AFP

What are they?

Central banks typically set multiple interest rates, including on the loans they extend to banks and the rate they pay on excess reserves parked at the central bank. When they install a negative deposit rate, ...


December 18, 2014, 9:03 am, 1391390
From the DOL reported:

In the week ending December 13, the advance figure for seasonally adjusted initial claims was 289,000, a decrease of 6,000 from the previous week's revised level. The previous week's level was revised up by 1,000 from 294,000 to 295,000. The 4-week moving average was 298,750, ...


December 18, 2014, 8:44 am, 1391389
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December 18, 2014, 8:44 am, 1391388

IT MUST seem churlish of me to maintain my grim pessimism about the Fed's current course of action, given the steady flow of encouraging data from the American economy. But try as I might, I cannot muster the same Panglossian enthusiasm as my colleague about the way policy is ...


December 18, 2014, 8:34 am, 1391387
Yesterday’s update of the Federal Reserve’s quarterly economic forecast is a minor triumph for optimism. The central bank still expects that US GDP in 2015 will increase in the range of 2.6% to 3.0%, unchanged from its previous estimate in September. That’s a mild expansion, but it’s a step up ...


December 18, 2014, 8:34 am, 1391386
Teaser:

Civil ...


December 18, 2014, 8:05 am, 1391384

Switzerland is introducing a negative interest rate on the deposits it holds for lenders, its central bank said on Thursday, moving to hold down the value of the Swiss franc amid the turmoil in global currency markets.

The Swiss National Bank said in ...


December 18, 2014, 8:05 am, 1391383

This post isn’t about smuggling Cuban cigars it’s an incredible story about smuggling Cuban baseball players.

The average wage in Cuba is about $20 per month so a typical Cuban might earn 50 times more in the United States but a star Cuban baseball player (who also earns about $20 per month ...


December 18, 2014, 8:04 am, 1391382
(Don Boudreaux)

Here’s a video of a talk that my colleague Dan Klein delivered in October at Guatemala City’s indispensable Universidad Francisco Marroquin.  Dan here speaks about “The Hayekian Narrative.”  (This video is not the same as the one I posted a few days ago.)


December 18, 2014, 8:04 am, 1391381
(Don Boudreaux)

… is from the abstract of Solomon Polachek’s and Carlos Seiglie’s important 2006 paper, “Trade, Peace and Democracy: An Analysis of Dyadic Dispute“:

At least since 1750 when Baron de Montesquieu declared peace is the natural effect of trade, a number of economists and political scientists espoused the ...


December 18, 2014, 7:23 am, 1391378

Private label brands (or own brand labels) are products sold by a retailer with its own packing, but manufactured by a third party. For example, Tesco sell ordinary branded items, such as Heinz baked beans, but also sell their own ‘Tesco ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391330

European Central Bank executive board member Benoît Coeuré sat down with The Wall Street Journal’s Brian Blackstone and Todd Buell to discuss the prospects for quantitative easing, the inflation outlook and reasons for optimism in Europe. Here are edited excerpts:

WSJ: What are the prospects for quantitative easing after the results ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391329
Much of America’s wealth gains are due to the stock market, which has jumped nearly 200% since its lowest point in 2009.  Bloomberg News

The typical affluent ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391331
Getty Images Sen. David Vitter (R., La.) proposed a Fed requirement that one of the seven members of the Fed’s board of governors to be a person ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391335
Bloomberg News

About 8.7 million homeowners still owed more on their mortgages than their homes were worth at the end of September, according to a report released Wednesday by Zillow. ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391328

November saw the steepest drop in consumer prices in almost six years, and that decline may have further to go as the collapse of oil continues to pull down prices.

The Consumer Price Index, released this morning, fell a seasonally adjusted 0.3% between October and November. But at the end ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391333

The Wall Street Journal’s Daily Report on Global Central Banks for Wednesday, December 17, 2014:
Sign up for the newsletter: http://on.wsj.com/grandcentralsignup.

Highlights


Hilsenrath’s Take: How Yellen’s Methodical Style Informs the “Considerable Time” Debate WSJ’s Hilsenrath ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391332

Low oil prices may offer a hidden gift to consumers beyond the gas pump: They could also indirectly support lower mortgage rates.

Already, the average 30-year fixed-rate mortgage fell to 4.06% last week, ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391334
Laborers work at a construction site in Shanghai, December 16, 2014. Reuters

Growth in minimum-wage levels across China appeared to have slowed this year, amid low inflation ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391322

Federal Reserve Chairwoman Janet Yellen said she has “great confidence” in Federal Reserve Bank of New York President William Dudley, responding to questions about scrutiny the regional Fed bank is facing for its ties to large financial institutions and its performance in supervising them.

Mr. Dudley has “done a fine job ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391327
Federal Reserve Board Chairwoman Janet Yellen speaks during a news conference on Wednesday Getty Images

The Federal Reserve wrapped up its final policy meeting of the year Wednesday ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391321

Federal Reserve officials said Wednesday they would be “patient” as they considered when to start raising interest rates next year. But the central bank’s policy statement retained some of its earlier language, mitigating the effect of the shift in wording. Here’s how economists reacted to the ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391323
U.S. Federal Reserve Chairwoman Janet Yellen Reuters

Federal Reserve Chairwoman Janet Yellen said Wednesday the U.S. central bank is unlikely to raise short-term interest rates until at least the spring.

“The ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391320

The Federal Reserve’s decision Wednesday to tiptoe slowly toward interest-rate increases generated a significant and rare level of insurrection among its membership.

Dallas Fed President Richard Fisher was ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391324
Reuters

Federal Reserve officials continue to see a start to rates rises next year but a slightly slower pace of increases, in an outlook that predicts weaker ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391326

Here is the full text of the Federal Reserve’s policy statement, released Wednesday:

Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in October suggests that economic activity is expanding at a moderate pace. Labor market conditions improved further, with solid job gains and a lower unemployment rate. On ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391325

The Federal Reserve releases a statement at the conclusion of each of its policy-setting meetings, outlining the central bank’s economic outlook and the actions it plans to take. Much of the statement remains the same from meeting to meeting. Fed watchers closely parse changes between statements to see ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391319
Lower gas prices are “certainly good for families, for households,” Fed Chairwoman Janet Yellen said. Bloomberg News

Federal Reserve Chairwoman Janet Yellen isn’t too worried about plunging ...


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391318
As the White House charts a new course for relations with Cuba, here are five things to know about Cuba’s economy.


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391317
In both the U.K and U.S., policy makers expect tightening labor markets to result in a pickup in wages that will translate into higher consumer prices.


December 18, 2014, 7:03 am, 1391316
AFP

What are they?

Central banks typically set multiple interest rates, including on the loans they extend to banks and the rate they pay on excess reserves parked at the central bank. When they install a negative deposit rate, ...


December 18, 2014, 6:44 am, 1391315
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December 18, 2014, 6:34 am, 1391314
● US, Cuba restore ties after 50 years | Reuters ● Experts on N. Korea see regime’s fingerprints on Sony attack | LA Times ● Putin’s Economic System Frays Further | Bloomberg ● North Sea oil industry ‘close to collapse’ | BBC ● Global life expectancy has ‘increased by 6 ...


December 18, 2014, 6:34 am, 1391313

In my previous post, I pointed out that, given the inflation target, a less tight fiscal policy implies higher official interest rates. This means that the choice between the two main parties isn't just about fiscal policy, but about the fiscal-monetary mix: Labour offers looser fiscal and tighter* ...


December 18, 2014, 5:03 am, 1391271

December 18, 2014, 4:44 am, 1391270

Sub-Saharan Africa has been growing steadily over the past decade. The main question that policymakers should face is how to sustain the region’s progress. This column argues that the positive growth is due both to good policies and higher prices of certain commodities (such as oil, gas, and minerals). To ...


December 18, 2014, 4:05 am, 1391269

This cracks me up:

The illustrations on the banknotes show generic examples of architectural styles such as renaissance and baroque rather than real bridges from a particular member state, which could have aroused envy among other countries. “The European Bank didn’t want to use real bridges so I thought it would ...


December 18, 2014, 2:44 am, 1391217
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December 18, 2014, 2:04 am, 1391216
A new report by Good Jobs First shows how the very wealthy in America have benefited from government subsidies as one element in building their fortunes. According to the study, the 11 richest Americans, and 23 of the 25 richest, all have significant ownership in companies that have received at ...


December 18, 2014, 12:44 am, 1391161
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