May 2014 Payroll Employment
After 76 months, we finally got back to the prerecession level of payroll employment.
Click on the image to get a bigger version.
The best summary of the state of our economy is the graph (below) of employment as a fraction of population for people over 16 years old. The decrease is large, but the most troubling feature of the graph is the flat trend .
Donald Marron likes European interest rates. Click on the image to get a bigger version. Can you find three distinct subperiods?
Brad DeLong favors the U.S. gdp gap.
Money Supply M1 growth is now over 20% per year over a 12 month lag. M1 growth has touched 20% before, but not with excess reserves of $1.6 trillion. Where is M1 headed?
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"Helping to Simplify Economics”
Readers Question: why some countries are more successful in attracting Foreign Direct Investment than others?
Foreign direct investment (FDI) means companies purchase capital and invest in a foreign country. For example, if a US multinational, such as Nike built a factory for making trainers in Pakistan; this would count as ...
Since the 1970s, we have seen a fall in average global inflation rates. There have been periods of inflation (often due to rise in oil prices), but the overall trend has seen much lower inflation rates. In the 1970s, inflation was seen as one of the main macro-economic challenges, but ...
The lump of labour fallacy is the contention that the amount of work available in an economy is fixed. But, most economists argue this belief there is a fixed number of jobs (or fixed number of hours) is usually incorrect.
Readers question: Firstly, I wholeheartedly praise the magnificent work done by you in exhibiting economic knowledge and demystifying it to us, the mediocre audience. I seriously question one fact that you presented about capitalism and how it “inevitably causes monopoly”. I grew really surprised and perplexed the moment I read ...
Is there any relationship between the base interest rate and the savings ratio?
In theory, interest rate can affect the decision to save in two ways.Substitution effect of change in interest rate – lower interest rates reduce the incentive to save because of relatively poorer returns. There is a bigger ...
A look at the economic effects of a cut in the Central Bank base rate.
Summary: Lower interest rates make it cheaper to borrow. ...
Interest rates have been cut to a record low of 0.25% – essentially due to grim economic news from the short-run demand side shock of Brexit.
Economic theory states that in normal circumstances, lower interest rates should boost aggregate demand (AD).
To give a quick recap, lower interest rates should in theory:Reduce ...
Readers question: What are the function of government in a capitalist economy?
In summary, the economic functions of a government include:Protection of private property and maintaining law and order / national defence. Raising taxes. Providing public services not provided in a free market (e.g. health care, street lighting) Regulation of markets, e.g. regulations on ...
Wind farms seek to offer an environmentally sustainable source of energy that will help reduce our dependence on non-renewal fossil fuels. However, this clean and safe source of energy is controversial with many opposed to their use, often on grounds of aesthetics or lack of efficiency. This looks at pros ...
To what extent has the UK seen cuts in spending to the NHS and health care spending in recent years?
In short:Actual spending on the NHS has increased. Real spending per capita has been broadly flat in recent years. As a share of the nations wealth, it is falling and it is true ...