May 2014 Payroll Employment
After 76 months, we finally got back to the prerecession level of payroll employment.
Click on the image to get a bigger version.
The best summary of the state of our economy is the graph (below) of employment as a fraction of population for people over 16 years old. The decrease is large, but the most troubling feature of the graph is the flat trend .
Donald Marron likes European interest rates. Click on the image to get a bigger version. Can you find three distinct subperiods?
Brad DeLong favors the U.S. gdp gap.
Money Supply M1 growth is now over 20% per year over a 12 month lag. M1 growth has touched 20% before, but not with excess reserves of $1.6 trillion. Where is M1 headed?
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Q2: Why are there millions of people unemployed even when the economy is booming?
During periods of strong economic growth, we can often experience high rates of unemployment. Firstly, there may be structural unemployment. This occurs when the unemployed are unsuited ...
Readers Question: Why does the cost of living keep rising?
This is due to inflation – the persistent increase in the average price level. In modern economies, inflation is a common feature. In fact most Central Banks target ...
Readers Question: You have partially explained the answer to my question in your reply to my other question, “What will we do when we can’t pay back the money owing to ...
The German economy has been one of the world’s strongest economies in the post-war period. There are many aspects of the German economy which deserve praise and emulation – not least strong productivity growth, a booming export sector and prolonged low ...
The ECB inflation target is 2% – ‘it aims to maintain inflation rates below, but close to, 2% over the medium term. ‘
However, some economists argue that in the current situation, the ECB should have a higher inflation target of 3-4%.
Readers Question: How does inflation targeting operate when there is a deflation? and what are the problems associated with this?
It’s a good question to ask at the moment, especially with regard to the ECB and Eurozone.
Firstly, the EU inflation target is – below but close to 2%. If inflation falls ...
Deflation is defined as a fall in the general price level. It is a negative rate of inflation. It means the value of money increases rather than decreases. Deflation is not necessarily bad, but often periods of deflation / low inflation can lead ...
In recent months the price of crude oil has fallen 30%. This fall in the price of oil has a significant impact in reducing transport and other business costs. Falling oil prices is good news for oil importers, such as Western ...
Readers Question: Since the debt is mainly in the form of government bonds or gilts then it can only be paid back when the term of the bond terminates. What happens if there is not enough money to pay this back?
The UK has one of the highest tax rates on petrol / diesel in Europe – roughly 60% of the final price of petrol goes to the government in excise duty or VAT.UK fuel duty is currently 58p per litre for ...